Preparing an effective argumentative essay


Learning the art of preparing an effective argumentative essay is a crucial skill, not only for academic achievements but also for various real-life scenarios throughout your lifetime. Whether it’s for key exams or big-deal moments, knowing how to put together a strong argumentative essay is a skill that’s useful in politics, marketing, education, and many other careers. In this article, we’ll explore how to build and write argumentative essays in a way that’s straightforward and convincing, providing a guide to express your points effectively and persuasively.

Argumentative essay guide

Writing a good argumentative essay can be a bit tricky. It’s not just about sharing your opinion but also about acknowledging other people’s views and creating a strong story that gently guides the reader to agree with you. This guide will walk you through the steps to structure, support, and prove your argument, making sure your essay is convincing and solid from start to finish.

Preparing a persuasive argumentative essay

Writing an argumentative essay means trying to get the reader to see things from your point of view. Sometimes, that’s tricky, especially when your point might stir up a bit of disagreement. So, your job is to build an argument that’s hard to argue against. It’s like building a sturdy bridge – all the pieces need to fit just right to stand strong, especially when it faces the heavy winds of opposition!

Structuring your argumentative essay

Starting an argumentative essay is like building a strong bridge. Each piece needs to be securely in place so it can stand up to any challenges or opposing views it may face. This isn’t just about putting your own point across but skillfully recognizing, understanding, and responding to other viewpoints, guiding your readers to effortlessly agree with you.

Here’s a simple table to outline how to put together an argumentative essay, making sure your argument is not only strong but also clearly gets your message across.

SectionSubsectionDescriptionAdditional info
IntroductionA. HookGrab the readers’ attention with an exciting fact or number.E.g., A surprising fact that immediately draws attention to the issue’s urgency.
B. Introduce topicProvide a brief overview or background of the issue being discussed.Explain why the topic matters and why the reader should care.
C. Main claimClearly and concisely state your primary argument or thesis.Make sure it’s clear and leaves no doubt about your position.
BodyA. Topic sentenceStart each paragraph with a statement that supports your main argument.Each should introduce a specific point or sub-argument related to your main claim.
B. EvidenceProvide facts, anecdotes, or examples that validate your smaller point.Aim for reasonable and relevant sources to boost your argument’s validity.
C. ConcessionRecognize different opinions and understand why people have them.This shows that you’ve considered all angles, improving your credibility.
D. Counterclaim/
Challenge opposite ideas by pointing out mistakes or weak reasoning.Use strong, logical counterarguments without attacking the opposition.
ConclusionA. SummarizeRepeat the key points you’ve made throughout the essay.Highlight the evidence and arguments that are most compelling.
B. Repeat thesisRepeat your main point in a different way to avoid sounding repetitive.This acts as a reminder of your stance and the journey the essay has taken.
C. Call to actionMove the reader towards thought or action, underscoring your argument’s relevance.Prepare this to be personally relevant to the reader, prompting reflection or action.

Always keep potential counterarguments in mind while shaping your argumentative essay. From its engaging start, through its solid middle, to its convincing end, your essay should both passionately defend your main point and lead your readers through a logically structured argument. It should stand up to scrutiny and opposition effectively, just like a well-built bridge.


Building and supporting your main argument

Launching on an argumentative essay journey means you’ll be developing a strong point and supporting it effectively. Your primary mission here is to convince your readers to embrace your perspective. To achieve this, diving into various resources like websites, and books, or even tapping into your own expertise on the topic is essential.

Your claim should be straightforward. A bold statement that can be checked to see if it’s true or not.

The key point to remember

Your main claim has to be solid and clear-cut. It needs to choose a side on an issue that people might view differently.

For example:

  • “Schools need to teach money management.”

This is a solid main claim for an essay because people can argue against it, maybe saying kids learn this at home or it’s too complicated for them.

But you need to back up your main claim with good support. Can you find facts that show learning about money is good for kids? Yes, there’s lots of information that shows understanding money can help people make better choices when they’re older.

Preparing a strong argument

When sculpting your argument in an essay, especially one that seeks to persuade, it’s important to give your statements with big support that genuinely validates your points.

Good support can encompass:

  • Facts and research.
  • Expert opinions.
  • Genuine examples that illustrate your point.

For example:

  • “Implementing regular physical activities in schools can pave the way for improved physical and mental health among students. Simple initiatives, such as introducing short exercise breaks between classes or organizing weekly sports sessions, can significantly contribute to students’ well-being.”

This main claim is powerful and can be strengthened with specific data like research showing the positive impacts of physical activity on student health, stories about schools where such practices have produced positive outcomes, and examples of easy methods schools might adopt to integrate physical activities into their schedules.

In this approach, the new main points are developing a strong point and sculpting your argument, which has been bolded for easy reference. The examples and points of support are also varied to stop repetition and provide a broader view of potential argumentative essay topics and supporting evidence.

Enhancing your essay with our platform

As part of preparing a strong argument, the authenticity and clarity of your essay are paramount. Our platform offers specialized services to improve these aspects:

  • Plagiarism checking. Ensure the originality of your essay with our advanced plagiarism detection service.
  • Professional proofreading. Elevate the clarity, grammar, and overall quality of your writing with our skilled proofreading services.

By using these tools, you can significantly strengthen the credibility and effectiveness of your argumentative essay. Visit our platform to learn more and take the first step toward preparing a compelling and academically strong essay.

Writing an argumentative essay plan

Planning your argumentative essay is crucial for articulating a clear, compelling argument. The significance of an essay plan becomes even more pertinent when crafting an argumentative piece to prevent losing the audience with unstable reasoning. When the foundation of your argument is shaky or unclear, the attention of your audience is inevitably compromised.

If your topic is the only clear component and your argument is still ambiguous, starting with pre-writing exercises to generate ideas for your thesis is a worthwhile strategy.

Unlocking ideas: Pre-writing strategies for argumentative essays

Starting an argumentative essay means getting your ideas in order and knowing clearly what you want to talk about. Different pre-writing activities can help you figure out your main point and get ready to defend it. Let’s use the following exercises to dig deep into the topic and find out what you really think.

  • Brainstorming. Let’s start by just throwing out all your ideas without worrying if they’re good or bad. Ask yourself things like, “What’s being talked about a lot regarding this topic?” or “Where might people disagree?”. This helps your thoughts to flow and helps you find different ways you might approach your argument.
  • Freewriting. Give yourself permission to write whatever comes to your mind about the topic for 5-10 minutes non-stop. This no-pressure writing might help you discover unexpected ideas or make you feel more certain about a particular aspect of the topic.
  • Creating lists. Particularly useful for visual thinkers, listing allows you to jot down any ideas, concepts, or points that spring to mind regarding the topic. This structured format can make it easier to organize and prioritize your thoughts later.
  • Clustering. Think of clustering like drawing a mind map to explore your ideas. Write your main topic in the middle of a page. Then, draw lines out from it to smaller ideas or points that are related. When you have more details about those smaller points, draw more lines out from them to show these extra thoughts (check out the example image to see how it’s done).
  • Pros and cons analysis. List the advantages and disadvantages associated with potential claims about your topic. This exercise deepens your understanding of different perspectives and helps you consider which claim offers the most convincing argument. By anticipating potential counterarguments, you’re better prepared to address them in your essay.

After trying out one or more of these exercises, you’ll probably find an opinion on the topic that makes sense to you. This opinion becomes the main point you’ll argue in your essay. Think of this point as your guiding star, keeping your argument on track as you work through all your research and tackle different points of view in your upcoming writing.

Integrating expert opinions into your argument

Launching on research means diving into what knowledgeable experts have to say about your topic.

An ‘expert’ is someone with a wealth of knowledge and experience in a specific area. Using experts in your essay is key because people usually believe what they say. So, if you talk about climate change and share a quote from a famous climate scientist like Dr. James Hansen, people are more likely to trust your point.

With your main claim and initial evidence in hand, it’s time to think about how you’ll present your argument. Preparing a persuasive argument involves selecting the right approach to presenting your information and defending your claim. Remember, arguments can be made differently, so consider these three common modes of argumentation:

  • Ethos (credibility or ethical appeal). Ethos involves building trust with your audience by demonstrating your credibility and ethical standing. Using believable sources and keeping things honest and straightforward makes your argument stronger.
  • Pathos (emotional appeal). Pathos aims to influence by connecting with the emotions of the audience. Using stories people can connect with, touching their feelings, or making sure your arguments match what the audience cares about can make your point of view more convincing.
  • Logos (logical appeal). Logos uses logic and reason to formulate a compelling argument. Incorporating factual data, clear reasoning, and structured arguments helps convince the audience by using reason and logic.

Each method can be strategically used to strengthen your argumentative essay by appealing to different aspects of your audience’s decision-making process. Finding a balance among these approaches often causes clear and well-rounded arguments.


Types of argumentation

When crafting an argument for your argumentative essay, it’s vital to pick a strategy that fits both your topic and your audience. Different strategies shine in different situations and with different people. Below is a table that breaks down three classic ways to argue – Toulmin, Rogerian, and Aristotelian – providing a quick overview, of how to use them, and situations where they can be especially powerful.

DescriptionApplicationWhen to Use
ToulminThis is a highly logical method that heavily depends on evidence to prove or disprove an argument around a complex issue. The argument is split into three main parts: the claim (conclusion), the grounds (evidence), and the warrant (link between claim and grounds).Used for complex issues requiring a clear, evidence-based argument.Good for dealing with tricky topics that need strong, fact-supported arguments.
RogerianThis approach seeks to find a common ground between two opposing arguments by recognizing the validity of both and identifying agreeable facts and concepts.Used for touchy subjects where people have very different opinions.Acceptable to use when talking about really sensitive topics, where it’s key to find something everyone can agree on.
AristotelianThe traditional model for argumentation, sometimes called “Aristotelian” after the philosopher, appeals to the audience through emotion (pathos), logic (logos), or the speaker’s authority (ethos).Useful for issues where the audience’s response and interaction are crucial.Suitable when the audience’s response and perception are of significant importance to the argument.

Choosing the right way to present your argument can really make your argumentative essay stand out. Deciding whether to use Toulmin, Rogerian, or Aristotelian methods will influence how you present your point, interact with other viewpoints, and how readers connect with your argument. It’s vital to pick a method that doesn’t just convey your message, but also resonates with your readers.

To keep your argument and your essay flowing smoothly, review the sections about ‘Building and supporting your main argument’ and ‘Integrating expert opinions into your argument’. This will help you maintain a strong mix of your chosen argument style, solid evidence, and expert opinions, making your essay more persuasive and reliable. Additionally, ensuring your chosen argument style fits with the pre-writing strategies in ‘Unlocking ideas: Pre-writing strategies for argumentative essays’ will help you keep your thoughts clear and your argument consistent and compelling.

Steps to writing an argumentative essay

Making a strong argumentative essay means preparing a thorough argument on a particular topic. Here’s a friendly guide to walk you through the steps, making sure every part of your essay strongly backs up your main idea.

First, let’s talk about some preliminary steps before you start writing. Engage in some pre-writing exercises. This helps you sharpen your focus and figure out your clear, main point, or ‘claim.’ Next, do your research. Dive deep into your topic and your claim to collect all the supportive evidence you need.

Now, your essay should have a few essential components:

  • An introduction. This is where you tell your readers about your topic and clearly state your main argument or claim.
  • Body paragraph. You’ll need at least two of these. Each paragraph will present evidence that backs up your claim, with each one covering a different point or piece of evidence.
  • A conclusion. Here, you’ll summarize your argument and restate your claim, highlighting why your position is solid.

Before you put pen to paper (or fingers to keys!), there are a few more things to think about. Decide on your style of argument. Considering your audience and what your topic is, pick the method of argumentation that fits best.

Once you’ve chosen your topic, figured out your main claim, collected your supporting evidence, and decided how you’ll organize your argument, you’re all ready to start writing! Make sure every section of your essay connects well and supports your primary argument.

Tips for writing an argumentative essay

Writing a strong argumentative essay might seem tricky, but with a few easy tips, you can create a piece that’s both powerful and respectful to all views. Here’s how:

  • Play with the layout. There’s no strict rule saying you have to stick to a certain essay structure. You might start by talking about what the other side thinks, showing where they’ve got things wrong, and then introduce your own ideas.
  • Keep it friendly. Remember, arguing a point doesn’t mean being mean to those who disagree. Stay kind, and point out where the other arguments might not hold up, but avoid being too harsh or directly attacking other views.
  • No “I” in argument. Try to avoid saying “I think” or “I believe.” Even though these are your thoughts, focusing on the facts and why they make sense is often more convincing and involves your readers more.
  • Talk to your readers. Make sure your essay speaks to your audience, leading them through your thoughts and maybe even changing their minds, without pushing too hard.
  • Firm up your facts. Back up your points with strong facts and expert advice, so your argument stands tall and doesn’t wobble under questions.

Keep in mind, that a strong argumentative essay smoothly incorporates your point of view with solid evidence, guaranteeing your argument is strong yet still mindful of the broader discussion taking place around the topic.



Writing a good argumentative essay prepares you not only for academic triumphs but for real-world challenges too. This is not just for getting good grades but also helping you make strong points in real-world situations like in jobs in politics, marketing, or education. Creating a solid argumentative essay is not only about telling people what you think but also understanding what others think and then guiding them to agree with you, kind of like building a sturdy bridge of ideas that can stand up against challenges. Your essay should make your main point in a bold way and guide your readers through a clear and logical path to agree with you. So, whether you’re in a class or in a lively discussion somewhere, using these guidelines, you’re ready to confidently make your point in your next argumentative essay in a way that’s clear and persuasive, but still friendly and respectful to other ideas.

How useful was this post?

Click on a star to rate it!

Average rating / 5. Vote count:

No votes so far! Be the first to rate this post.

We are sorry that this post was not useful for you!

Let us improve this post!

Tell us how we can improve this post?